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In autumn 2010, approximately 5 million ha rye were sown in the RYE BELT region. The major part of the cultivation areas is located in Russia, Poland, Germany and Belarus (Table 1).
 

Table1 Rye cultivation in the RYE BELT: Forecast Harvest 2011

Cultivation Area 
(1000 ha)
Rye 
2010/2011
Cultivation Area 
(1000 ha)
Rye 
2010/2011
Russia1.800Denmark50
Poland 1.430Sweden25
Germany602Norway7
Belarus600Finland14
Ukraine250Estonia14
Austria46Latvia33
Czech Republic33Lithuania48
Slowakia20
Gesamt 4.972

Quelle: KWS LOCHOW

In the past years the market prices for cereals were very volatile. For information on the current market situation and price trends from the RYE BELT please see the price barometer and the monthly updated comments.

Price Barometer
                                                           

Consumption:

In the single countries of the RYE BELT rye is utilised differently.
In the Nordic and Baltic States rye is traditionally grown mainly for the production of bread.

In the past two years rye was increasingly used for the production of feed in Denmark. In particular, livestock production farms with farm-produced feed use their own rye.

In Germany rye is used for three segments (feed/bread grain/bioenergy).
Over the past years the yearly consumption of bread rye has been approximately 900,000 tonnes. The use as a fermentation substrate for the biogas production will clearly be rising in the future. Rye is also used as a raw material for the bioethanol production. In the past financial year, 390,000 tonnes of rye were processed into bioethanol.
Decisive for the use of rye in feed is the availability and the price.

In Poland, 1/3 of the harvest yielded is used as bread grain and 1/3 for the production of feed. Another sales channel is the ethanol production.
In future rye could also be used for the production of bioenergy.

In Russia and the Ukraine, rye is mainly used for the production of bread and feed. Part of the harvest is exported in form of rye flour and rye grains.
The proportion of rye in the feed ration could rise due to investments made in animal production.


In the RYE BELT region three big sales segments are emerging for rye:

  • Feed
  • Bread
  • Bioenergy (forage rye, rye-WPS and grain rye)

Additional Information

Rye more than a Cash Crop (Source: Hanse Agro) (162 KB)

 
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